Elisha Gray - invented the telautograph in 1887, ie. fax
machine, a device that could remotely transmit handwriting through telegraph
- invented the variable resistance telephone but lost the telephone patent to Alexander Graham Bell in 1976.
- invented a telegraph printer with a typewriter keyboard and paper printer. ie. teletype machine
~1869~ Gray & Barton
Gray bought out Shawk's part of Shawk and Barton manufacturing shop in Cleveland for making his inventions
Stager purchased 1/3 of Gray & Barton and had it moved to Chicago for supplying Western Union
Barton was a union telegraph operator during the civil war and was with WU
after the war but moved to Cleveland
and joined Shawk to manufacture electrical supplies.
Stager was a union civil war telegraph operation and later a WU manager who needed supplies for WU
Gray also invented the telephone, printing telegraph ie. stock market ticker, and sold items for Thomas Edison and others.
~1872~ Gray & Barton was renamed Western Electric after Stager recommended WU to buy G&B which WU did purchase.
~1874~ WE owned by WU sold QWERTY typewriters and Edison electric pins - a duplicator
~1876~ Gray invented the telephone along with Bell the same day
~1879~ Bell sued Gray - WE owned by WU
~1881~ Bell settled with WE by acquiring majority ownership of WE from WU
~1909~ WE sold its electric motor and dynamotor division to GE
~1925~ WE sold its distribution business to Graybar - currently still in business selling electrical supplies - non retail
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